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enicar sherpa guide mkii
'THE sunburst DIALLED GMT'

Sherpa Guide MKII
Sherpa Guide MKII
Sherpa Guide MKII
Sherpa Guide MKII

The Enicar Sherpa Guide is a marvellous watch in its own right. Big, bold and functional.

A watch that in my opinion actually looks more like a divers watch given the size.

 

Its actual intention and purpose is that of a pilots watch hence the GMT complication within the movement and visually shown on the dial with the extra hand.

The bezel could be adjusted to match the GMT hand thus giving the watch 2 time zones at the same time. 

The Guide came in four Marks starting in the 1960's and was produced in large numbers. It is still one of the easiest higher end Enicar watches to obtain on the market, but be warned as they do come in a mish match of quality. 

The watches maintained the original long lug case all the way through to the Mark IV which in my opinion is more subtle than the other 3 Marks as it has a short lug cushion case and fits on the wrist with less bulk.

 

There were 3 different calibres within the Guides. The Mark I sported the AR1126 which was in fact a Super Test movement, this was Enicars own version of a so called chronometer. The rest of the Guides would sport either an AR1146 or an AR166  

The Guides also came in a wash of different coloured dials, hands, and inner bezels. One tip that people should watch out for is that some times inner bezels from Sherpa Jets and have been married into certain Guides and this is not correct. 

Crowns on the Guides also differed between Marks from thick waffles, short waffles and normal crowns. This being said they did all contain the Enicar logo. 

Hands also ranged from dauphine, baton and the later white stick hands.

The GMT on the early Mark I was crescent moon shaped, the Mark II dropped this for a stick GMT hand with a yellow tip. Moving on to the Mark III and IV it became chequered in red and black. 

The most common and easily obtained Guide dial is in black. There are however rarer golden sunburst dials as seen above. I have also seen dials in blue and white. 

Overall the Enicar Sherpa Guide is a wonderful tool watch that should be held in any Enicar collectors arsenal.

 

Big and bold as previously mentioned and defiantly a conversation starter. 

Enicar_Pilot_watches_ad_large.jpeg

Enicar advertising of the Sherpa Guide

Enicar_Sherpa_Guide_Graph_Ad_large.jpeg

Enicar advertising of the Sherpa Guide

Ad.jpeg

Enicar advertising of the Sherpa Guide

As mentioned above there were four main versions of the Sherpa Guide released. Below you will the 4 versions and their visual differences.

 

Which one do you prefer?

Sherpa Guide MKI
Sherpa Guide MKII
Sherpa Guide MKIII
Sherpa Guide MKIV

MKI

MKII

MKIII

MKIV

Stats: 

Ref: 146-001

Baton hands // Single lolly pop seconds

43mm // EPSA Seapearl case

22mm // lugs

Waffle short crown  // Enicar logo 

World time bidirectional rotating bezel

enicar sherpa super graph
'THE unicorn'

 
Enicar Super Graph
Enicar Super Graph
Enicar Super Graph
Enicar Super Graph

Originally released in the mid to later 1960's the Super Graph has to be the rarest of all the Sherpa Graph models. Intended to be used for sports shooting or marksmen, this is the Graph that is more commonly referred to as the Grail or Unicorn. It simply is that rare. 

The Super Graph shares the same reference 072-02-02 as the Aqua Graph. Considering this I personally believe it would be a logical assumption to make that Enicar used the same case as the Aqua Graph. 

The main difference in question is the unique bezel with a mat finish and reversed counter. The few examples I have seen out there appear more shiny in appearance but this is due to aging. 

I have also noticed 2 different types of Super Graph bezels. The minute markers on the one above do not go all the way to the inside of the bezel where as the other version differs slightly with the markers flowing all the way to the inside of the bezel as seen on the images below.

The Super Graph has an all black dial complete with traditional paddle hands with orange tips.

pencil style register hands and a red lolly pop sweeper. 

Considering the intended use of this chronograph it still sports a waffle crown with Enicar logo. & a Sherpa 300 case back marked 072-02-02 

Super-Graph-catalog.jpg

Enicar advertising of the Super Graph

Enicar_Graph_catalog_large.jpg

Enicar advertising of the Super Graph

super graph

Enicar advertising of the Super Graph

Another very special Super Graph can be seen below belonging to chronyves79 on Instagram. 

This sports a totally unique bezel design and added lume dots to the dial itself! 

super graph

Stats: 

Ref: 072-02-02

Paddle hands // Single lolly pop seconds

40mm // EPSA Sherpa 300 case

20mm // lugs

Waffle crown  // Enicar logo 

Mat grey bidirectional rotating bezel

super graph
 

enicar sherpa ultradive mk1

'THE DOUBLE LOLLY POP'

Enicar Sherpa Ultradive MK1 'The Double Lolly Pop'
Enicar Sherpa Ultradive MK1 'The Double Lolly Pop'
Enicar Sherpa Ultradive MK1 'The Double Lolly Pop'
Enicar Sherpa Ultradive MK1 'The Double Lolly Pop'

Originally released in the 1960's, this is the most sought after of all of the Enicar divers watches. 


The MK1 Ultradive featured the typical EPSA Supercompressor case delivered with an added crown guard in order for the user to not get snagged while in use.


Powered by the infamous Enicar AR 1145 caliber this automatic power house certainly packaged a punch 
with a rotating inner bezel that would only operate once the top crown was pulled out

 

It could be easily set by the user without risk of it been moved during dives


Another unique feature to the Ultradive was the second hand which is now more commonly known as 'the double lolly pop'
 

Sherpa Ops & Ultradive advert 1960's
Mini Dive & Ultradive advert 1960's

Original 1960's Enicar advertising of the Ultradive

Enicar advertising of the Ultradive & Sherpa Ops

Ultradive
Sherpa Ops

Another interesting fact about the Ultradive is that although it looks identical for a case prospective to the Sherpa Ops there are key differences inside.

The Ultradive (above left) movement holder is very different to that of the Sherpa Ops (above right). 

The Sherpa Ops has a much thicker movement holder locking the movement into the case. The Ultradive is using a much thinner version also seen in the Sherpa Guide models. 

The differences do not end there. The Sherpa Ops also sports 'the suspense' system (below middle). 

This consisted of 3 small rubber solid tubes that were positioned between the movement holder and the case in order to provide a shock absorber for the watch. Considering the Ultradive and Sherpa Ops are very similar this is key feature that makes them difference. 

Suspense System

Stats: 

Ref: 145.35.03

Baton hands // double lolly pop seconds

40mm // EPSA Supercompressor case

20mm // lugs

Crown guard // cross haired doubles 

Inner bidirectional rotating bezel

 

enicar sherpa graph mk3

'THE leone'

Enicar Sherpa Graph MK3 The Leone
Enicar Sherpa Graph MK3 The Leone
Enicar Sherpa Graph MK3 The Leone
Enicar Sherpa Graph MK3 The Leone

Released in the 1960's the Sherpa Graph Mark 3 was the third Graph marvel from Enicar

All of the elements contained are the same as any MK3 Graph apart from one very special addition

 

As you can see the Tachymetre is replaced with a very strange inner bezel.

The intent was for film editors to be able to correctly edit their reels with the use of their watch

I only know of 2 other Graphs accompanied with the same Tachy although I believe they were intended for the Asian market as the numbers increased in 48 (24 frames)

 

This Graph runs in increments of 50 (25 frames) which I assume is more for Western intent 

This truly is a grail of a watch and fully deserves its added nickname 'The Leone' taken after the late director Sergio Leone

Below is an example of one of the other known examples

featuring the 24 frames inner bezel

IMG_1971.jpg
IMG_1972.jpg

Below is an extract of information regarding the other known Sherpa Graph also featuring the 24 frame Tachy

graphfilm.png

Film 35 mm wide with four perforations per frame (4-perf) became accepted as the international standard gauge in 1909, and remained the dominant film gauge for image capture and projection until the advent of digital photography and cinematography, despite challenges from smaller and larger gauges.

2-perf or Techniscope is a 35mm motion picture camera film format introduced by Technicolor Italia in 1960. The Techniscope format used a two film-perforation negative pulldown per frame, instead of the standard four-perforation frame.  It had several advantages and was attractive for several reasons, mostly as 2-perf doubles the number of minutes per 1000ft can of film.

2-perf was used with great effect by James Cameron to shoot the actual Titanic wreck for the movie Titanic in 1997.  (It was later digitally converted to 4-perf Super-35).   The advantage was the longer running time possible on the camera loads while submerged for such a long time diving down to the wreck.

During its period of heavy use, between 1960–1980, more than 350 films were photographed in Techniscope, the first of which was The Pharaoh’s Woman, released in December 1960.  Given the considerable savings in production cost, but lesser image quality, Techniscope was primarily an alternative format used by low-budget horror and western filmmakers. Since the format originated in Italy, most Techniscope format films were European productions, including the so called spaghetti westerns, A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)

So the cinematographer using this Enicar Sherpa Graph stopwatch (vintage about 1961) could easily see how many frames he had shot at 24 frames per second, and how many feet of film he had used at 45.0 feet per minute.

Stats: 

Ref: 2342

Paddle hands // Lolly pop seconds

40mm case // EPSA  caseback

20mm // lugs

Valjoux 72 hand wound movement 

unique inner film editing tachy

 

enicar sherpa DIVER 600

RED LOLLY POP

Enicar Sherpa Diver 600
Enicar Sherpa Diver 600
Enicar Sherpa Diver 600
Enicar Sherpa Diver 600

Originally released in the 1950's the first line of Sherpa 600's were tested by the US Navy

The model in question is a later edition to the line released in the 1960's 

This model also included an EPSA waterproof case with the special bayonet feature which was designed that the deeper you go the more water tight the watch would become

With a bidirectional rotating bezel complete with 2 lume dots this was a marvel of the time

The watch was also released in a 40mm version

The crown came in at over 6mm which I assume was designed this way to make it easier to adjust

Another wonderful feature of this watch was the single red lolly pop hand which has become highly sought after with collectors

This later version was also released with tritium unlike its radium predecessor 

I guess at the time they felt is was a safer option, oh how times have changed 

Below are some advertisements of the early Diver 600 models 

Diver 600

Stats: 

Diver 600 Tritium 

Baton hands // Single Lolly pop seconds

36mm case // EPSA  caseback

19mm // lugs

AR 1145 Automatic movement 

Bidirectional bezel with red pointer

Diver 600
 

enicar sherpa star DIVER pvd

Enicar Sherpa Star Diver PVD
Enicar Sherpa Star Diver PVD
Enicar Sherpa Star Diver PVD
Enicar Sherpa Star Diver PVD

The Star Diver was introduced in the late 1960's and in my opinion was the cream of the crop of the entire Sherpa Star line

​With a larger 42mm case the Star Diver came in 2 versions, the stainless-steel model and the more sought after PVD coated case

​My main reason for owning this particular model is due to its originality, let me explain...

​Most Enicar watches share similar features, for example you will find the same hands on a Sherpa Graph and Aqua Graph, a Sherpa Guide inner bezel can be the same as a Jet bezel and so on

​The Star Diver however is quite unique in this department & contained the following original features only seen on this watch

​An original unidirectional bezel, short arrow style hands, a sapphire domed crystal & a screw down crown

I totally adore this watch and could not recommend it enough. I have actually known of collectors selling theirs only to buy it again at a later date

Sherpa Star Diver
Sherpa Star Diver

Original 1960's advertising 

Sherpa Star Diver Orange Dial Rare

A rare orange dial addition, one that I have never seen in person

My only gripe with the Star Diver is that it came with a screw case back instead of an EPSA bayonet style,

 

I would love to know the reasons for this design choice considering the other Enicar diver range of watches all come armed with an EPSA caseback

Star Diver caseback

Stats: 

Ref: 147.05.02

Arrow hands // Single Lolly pop seconds

42mm case

20mm // lugs

AR 167 Automatic movement 

Unidirectional bezel // screw crown

 

enicar grapho-matic

Enicar Graphomatic
Enicar Graphomatic
Enicar Graphomatic
Enicar Graphomatic

The Graphomatic was one of the few Enicar watches released without an in-house movement 

Enicar sported the Lemania 1340 automatic chronograph for this early 1970's model. The movement is a true workhorse used by many other Swiss brands of the time including Tissot & Omega.

The example to the left is NOS and still includes the wax seal on the back which I have never wanted to remove 

The Graphomatic comes with a very busy dial which I find very fitted to the era although some find the dial too much to take in. With a wash of colours this is one watch that demands serious wrist presence. 

I actually do not know a massive amount about the purpose of this watch so certainly won't claim to but from an atmospheric prospective it certainly is an eye opener 

Graphomatic
Graphomatic

The Graphomatic came with a choice of 3 different chronograph arrow hands.

Yellow, white and red

Graphomatic

A 1970's advertisement of the Graphomatic

Copyright Time For A Change, Discovering Vintage Enicar

Stats: 

Ref: 134.01.02 

Busy dial // Orange & Yellow chrono hands

39mm case // screw caseback

20mm // lugs

Lemania 1340 Automatic movement 

Inner Tachymetre // 12 hour chronograph